One of the major differences between local and state law in Nevada lie in how prostitution is handled throughout the state. Under Nevada State law, any county with a population less than 700,000 is allowed to issue operation licenses to brothels, if it so chooses, and those cities and counties who do choose to allow prostitution are granted the authority to regulate it further or ban it all together. This has resulted in a situation where 8 out of the 12 counties currently allowed to participate have decided to issue licenses and 5 counties where it is prohibited by the state altogether.
In the past, brothels were allowed throughout all of Nevada but as time progressed the restrictions on prostitution have increased due to political pressure by both the public as well as other large influential bodies such as the Casino lobby. Following a 1942 order by Franklin D. Roosevelt to suppress prostitution near military bases, both Las Vegas and Reno had come to prohibit brothels by describing them as public nuisances, but brothels continued to exist throughout much of the state. As time progressed, other counties and local law making bodies were tasked with resolving similar disputes related to the operation of legal brothels and many have decided to respond to the pressure with increased restrictions or possibly a complete ban on the practice.