The radical reconstruction of the South that followed the failures of presidential reconstruction resulted in various relatively rapid developments in the areas of the civil rights among the recently freed slaves, as well as other African-Americans. The right to vote among the African-American population was officially recognized along with additional reforms, such as the right of African-Americans to own personal property. These rapid changes would also result in increased social tensions between the recently freed slave population and those who would continue to support the oppression of African-Americans following the civil war. These increased tensions would manifest themselves in the form of various protests and political actions committed by the respective interests on both sides of the issue.
The abandonment of Reconstruction by both the North and the South can be attributed to the political influence the former slave holders, and other supporters of the oppression of African-Americans, would continue to have following the civil war. The establishment of the Ku Klux Klan by former confederate veterans would bring with it a new organized reign of terror against African-Americans, and these forms of active resistance, in conjunction with an ever increasing opinion by the North that South should handle their own affairs, would also directly contribute to the abandonment of Reconstruction by both sides.
Southern Whites would limit African-American rights and liberties through various means, such as the establishment of the Black Codes. These laws were passed by the southern government in an attempt to regulate the lives of the recently freed slaves. Southern whites would also attempt to alienate the African-American population from their labor through various means such as share cropping and the exploitation of the youth labor force.