The unprecedented flurry of legislation during the first one hundred days of President Roosevelt term included the Emergency Banking Acts, the National Industrial Recovery Act, the Economy Act. This legislation was aimed at repudiating the older idea of liberty based on the idea that the best way to encourage economic activity and ensure a fair distribution of wealth was to allow market competition to operate unrestricted from government intervention. Roosevelt’s Hundred Days also included various public works projects and employment initiatives that were executed by the various governmental agencies established by this legislation.
The employment initiatives executed by the government during the New Deal would bring in more women to the federal workforce than ever before. However, as in the case with Social Security, women would sometimes become ineligible for many governmental programs due to not having an employment history outside of the home. Minorities would seem to benefit the least from the New Deal, with many Mexican Immigrants returning to Mexico because of a lack of work. The Roosevelt administration would come to appoint a prominent black educator as a special advisor on minority affairs for just such challenges.
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 had great effects on the future of Native Americans in the United States. With the passage of the Indian Reorganization Act, the United States pursued a policy of dividing Indian lands into individuals family plots. Now the Native American people would have a greater influence in the distribution of their land, as the governmental authorities had recognized the Native American’s right to govern themselves.
Foner, Eric. Give Me Liberty: An American History. New York: W. W. Norton & Co, 2014. Print.